Amsterdam, New Amsterdam, Netherlands


Derived from the name Amstellerdam the capital city of Netherlands, Amsterdam holds the pride of recognizing itself as the largest city of Netherlands too.


The history of its foundation dates back to 12th century when it was located on the shores of river Amstel. With the passing time as the result of its innovative policies Amsterdam emerged as one of the leading ports of the world during the Dutch Golden Age. At that time it was one of the leading hubs for finance and diamonds. The period from 19th to 20th century proved as landmark in the history of Amsterdam when the geographical area of city widened and many new areas were developed as the suburb parts of the city.

The city is financial and cultural point of the Netherlands. Many bigwigs like Philips and INF have their headquarters in the city. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange is recognized as world’s old stock exchange.

Tourist attractions

The major attractions of Amsterdam are its historic canals, the Rijks museum, the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, Anne Frank House, its red-light district, and many cannabis coffee shops where more than 3.66 visitors come every year.

The end of 19th century is remembered as the Golden Period in the history of Netherlands. It was the period when many new museums, railway stations, Concertgebow were constructed in the city. The Amsterdam - Rhine canal was dug, thus adjoining Amsterdam directly to the shores of River Rhine, on the other side North Sea Canal was constructed to shorten the distance from North Sea to port that improved trade with other countries. The city of Amsterdam suffered a lot during the First World War due to food shortage and fuel availability. This resulted in civil riots in which thousands of people were killed. These riots are also called as Aardappeloproer riots i.e. Potato riots in the history of Netherlands.

Later in 1940 Germany established its dominance on the Netherlands. The Second World War added as fuel in the fire in the political and economical situation of the country. The country’s communication with rest of the world broke down on the other side scarcity of food and fuel raised the problem of the ruling government. The people have to depend on dogs, cats, raw sugar beets, and tulip bulbs to meet their food needs; the wood from trees was carved out for the use of fuel.

However, the Second World War positively impacted the economy of the Netherlands. Many new suburbs, such as Osdorp, Slotervaart, Slotermeer, and Geuzenveld emerged as upcoming cities.

In other words, the Second World War indirectly rejuvenated the Netherlands. The new suburbs were facilitated with the better infrastructural facilities like vast public parks, well equipped new buildings, gardens. The changing scenario had its influence on every aspect of economy and society. With the expanding boundaries need for new offices and roads were felt. As the result of this a metro was started in 1977 between the routes of Bilmer and the centre of Amsterdam. More plans were developed to construct new highways to connect the city with the other parts of the nation.